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Touhou Project

Touhou Project (東方Project) is a series created by doujin circle Team Shanghai Alice. It is a multiple work group which includes various forms of works such as games, music, and books.
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Touhou Project (東方Project, Tōhō Project, lit. "Eastern Project") is a group of doujin works produced by the one-man doujin circle Team Shanghai Alice operated by ZUN.

Revolving around the danmaku (bullet hell) doujin shooting games Highly Responsive to Prayers released in 1996, doujin music CD and manga which followed the original works of ZUN’s were also created.

It is often referred to as Touhou or Touhou Series.

With a vast body of derivative works, Touhou Project has become a prominent source of media content.

At pixiv, there are about 2.18 million derivative works tagged as Touhou or Touhou Project, which made it the second most-used tags next to the original work.

Focusing on danmaku STG games, it consists of a wide range of works including books, music CD, etc. Especially the games, the programming, designing, music and story composition, etc. are all made by ZUN individually, and there are barely other staff involved in the production.

As an exception, there are five danmaku action works which were co-produced with Twilight Frontier under the supervision of ZUN. Fairy Wars was handled by Makoto Hirasaka only for character drawings due to various circumstances. For books, refer to the later-mentioned columns of books.


The setting lies in Gensokyo, which is sealed away from the real world by a barrier.

The design and the initial work were influenced by Izumi Takemoto. Especially in the PC-98 version, the character appears directly.

As the general story of the game, a certain girl in Gensokyo caused an incident called “the change”, and the main characters (Reimu Hakurei, Marisa Kirisam, etc.) solve the “changes”.

Exceptionally, Shoot the Bullet, Touhou Hisoutensoku, etc. are produced with a focus on events beyond daily lives and changes.

Although there are some exceptions, the work depicts daily lives in Gensokyo. In recent years (after Wild and Horned Hermit has started), there are many books with the previous and later talks as a supplement to explain the changes in the game version.


Beginning with human deriving from myths, Inheritances,ancient texts, etc., there are various species like yokai, ghost, and god (mitama). They are uniformly drawn as girls(children).

The characters with names are mostly girls, but men, adults, and people with names also appear in some of the books (see below) and Hopeless Masquerade.

Refer to the article of List of Touhou Project Characters for details.


Refer to Touhou Music for details of the music in Touhou Project.


According to the provisions of the original author ZUN, the copyright owner of Touhou Project is Team Shanghai Alice, and the copyright owner of derivative works is the creator of the work.

Team Shanghai Alice will not be responsible for any issues related to derivative works.

Refer to the article of Touhou Project (Derivative Work) for details.


Refer to the article of Touhou Project Works for details.

The Recording of Music Games

On animation sites, especially Nico Nico Douga, there are many popular works which rearranging the music in Touhou Project, and some of them are recorded in commercial music games that are currently operating as arcades.

As ZUN once belonged to Taito, Music GunGun! and GROOVE COASTER which are from the same company contains music arranged by ZUNTATA's direct composer.

Konami’s music game SOUND VOLTEX starts a public audition for music arrangements and character images.

Konami, the company which has great dominance in music games area, brought a huge impact by selecting the lineup, and changes appear as music circles start to arrange Touhou music for games.

For Nintendo’s Daigasso! Band Brothers P, music recorded on the music CD produced by Team Shanghai Alice can be posted since late July 2015.

Moreover, in December of the same year, a remix contest for the target music was held with ZUN as a special judge.

The Grand Prix works will be recorded on the CD released at Hakurei Shrine Reitaisai in May 2016, and will also be published on Band Bro.

Refer to the article of Touhou arrange for details.

Related Illustration

There is an abbreviation called Touhou, and the followings are mainly posted with this tag in pixiv.



See illustrations with the tag Touhou

Names in Other Languages

Touhou Project, Touhou or PSM and etc.EnglishEurope, America, etc.PSM is the abbreviation of Project Shrine Maiden. It is the notation which appears in the original works alongside Touhou Project.
Touhou, Touhou ProjectChinese, Simplified Chinese, JapaneseChina, Singapore, Japan, etc.东方 is the notation of the simplified Chinese. In traditional Chinese notation, the 東方 notation is the same as in Japanese. A list of notations employed in Chinese used countries is posted in the articles 东方 in the pivix encyclopedia
동방, 동방프로젝트HangulKorea, etc.동방 means Touhou, and 프로젝트 means Project.
โทโฮ, โทโฮโปรเจกตThaiThailandTouhou is also written as ทางทิศตะวันออก, ต.อ., ตะวันออก, เกี่ยวกับทิศตะวันออก, and Project is written as โครงการ

  • Overall, among the fans, there are some common nouns such as Touhou and Touhou Project. In the event related to Touhou Project or overseas events where Touhou Project participates as a genre, the notation of Touhou and the conversation by this expression as pointing to Touhou Project is possible.

  • Touhou can also be used in overseas Touhou Project events. In interviews of ZUN the word and notation of Touhou is used in the English-speaking area to refer to the whole world view (take the Interview of ZUN in the Anime Weekend of Atlanta, USA in 2013 as an example)

  • The notation of the original author, Team Shanghai Alice is Team Shanghai Alice in English, and 上海爱丽丝幻乐团 in Japanese.

  • When referring to an individual work in Japanese, for example, when pointing to Touhou Koumakyou(), it common to refer it by only using the Japanese part of the work name or rusing the part excluding the common 東方 of the title (which is Koumakyou() in the above example).

  • Similar abbreviations are also used in Chinese characters (for example, abbreviate 东方红魔乡 as 红魔乡).

  • In English-speaking countries, each work is indicated by the English title (in the above example, Embodiment of Scarlet Devil), or by the numbering of the original work (in the above example, TH6=The 6th work).

  • When using Japanese and other languages to interact, it may be good to forget that there are differences in the usually used abbreviations and in the origin of the abbreviations.

Related Articles

External Links


Touhou Wiki

Touhou Project - Wikipedia


上海アリス幻樂団 (Team Shanghai Alice's Website)

Twilight-Frontier (Twilight Frontier's Website)

AOTAKA's 玉砕日報 / Sofmap炎上! 玉砕日報とAmusument MakersのWebPage (Amusement Makers official site (old)

東方Project - Wikipedia

東方Projectとは (トウホウプロジェクトとは) [単語記事] - ニコニコ大百科 (NicoNico Encyclopedia)

Article in Other Languages


東方Project / Touhou_Project



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