pixiv Encyclopedia has updated the Privacy Policy as of June 13, 2023. Revision history


Yuri (Tag name: 百合) is a tag depicting the genre involving relationship between women in manga, anime, and related Japanese media.
Contents [hide]

"Yuri" redirect here. For the flower, see Lilium


The term 'Yuri' originally referred to a group of flowers and plants belonging to the Liliaceae family, while on pixiv it mainly refers to a creative genre based on the subject of intensive relationships between women, such as romance and friendship.

Nowadays, the mere term 'Yuri' is vague in its scope, and often includes not only works featuring romance and sexual love between women, but also those depicting relationships such as friendship, sisterhood, familial love, adoration, longing, vengeance and hatred. The only point on which there is agreement is that "Yuri is some kind of strong relationship between women".

Therefore, "yuri" by itself does not function as a distinguishing tag within pixiv, and can only be identified by adding some kind of prefix or suffix, or by using it in conjunction with a related tags. In addition, the word alone does not distinguish between sexuality and non-sexuality in any way, and when searching for content that makes this clear, it seems most appropriate to use the rating system "for all ages / R rating" together with the search terms.

See also the article coupling for points to consider with regard to the concept of pairing / coupling / shipping as a whole.


Representational Genre (Media)Yuri works Yuri Manga Yuri Games
Yuri in schoolStudent Yuri Soeur
Yuri Between AdultsWorking Women's Yuri ('Shakaijin Yuri')
MarriageYuri Married Couple
KinshipSisters Yuri / Yuri Sisters Twin Yuri Parent-child Yuri
LoliLoli Yuri OneLoli
InhumanInhuman Yuri Kemo Yuri
PreferenceYuri Yume Yuri Harem
Non-romanceSlight yuri Friendship yuri


Scope of 'Yuri'

Some people try to narrowly limit the scope of Yuri to homosexuality only, but as mentioned above, not all works labeled as 'Yuri' deal with romance. The Yuri genre depicts diverse and complex relationships between women, such as friendship, teacher-disciple and sisterhood, master-servant and partner relations, and even love-hate or rivalry. While numerous works depict such relationships that develop into romance, there are also many works that do not.

In the past, Yuri was often dismissed as a 'light relationship in adolescence that is less than romantic' and 'unrealistic fiction', and some people made a distinction between the female homosexual (lesbian) genre and Yuri. However, today's Yuri includes realistic works that can be sympathized with by female homosexuals, and works such as essay manga and essays that depict real-life experiences are also included in the Yuri category.

Against this backdrop, the present-day Yuri continues to change its scope through constant definitional debates and expressions of opinion in the interrelationships between various creators, fans, concerned individuals, publishers and female homosexual persons.


The word yuri is based on the flower "Lily", and is a relatively common Japanese feminine name. Initially the term was used in many doujin circles for lesbian-pornographic theme, the meaning has since then drifted from its mostly pornographic connotation to describe the portrayal of intimate love, sex, or the intimate emotional connections between women.

While such genre has existed since the Taishō era, it is believed that the word "Yuri" is created by Bungaku Itou, the editor of Barazoku (薔薇族, lit. rose tribe), a magazine geared primarily towards gay men. He first used the term yurizoku (百合族, lit. lily tribe) in reference to female readers in the title of a column of letters called Yurizoku no heya (百合族の部屋, lit. lily tribe's room).

Since the Heisei era, works like Sailor Moon became the main topic for authors to create positive derivative Yuri stories, especially when Yuri stories were particularly tragic, possibly due to the society's negative reaction towards the genre.

From there, the idea of "Yuri" has survived the turbulent 1990s, been nurtured in the varied 2000s (a detailed account of these times is beyond the scope of this article), and has bloomed in colorful splendor in the 2010s.

In the present day, the territory of "Yuri" continues to expand, and the number of works considered Yuri continues to grow.

"Attack" (Seme, or Tachi) and "Receives" (Uke, or Neko), And The Nomenclatural Circumstances of Their Associated Coupling Names

In Boys' Love (BL), the counterpart of Yuri, pairing names are usually written by combining the names of the two persons in a couple, with the first combined name being considered the "offensive" persona and the second combined name being the "receiving" one.

In BL, there is often a focus on "receiving" and "offensive" personalities, and if a pairing's "receiving" and "offensive" personalities are reversed, they are often interpreted as a completely pairing.

In contrast, in Yuri, the concept of the distinction between "offensive" (often described as 'Tachi' in Yuri) and "receiving" ('neko' as well) in a pairing is rather weak or limited. In other words, 'reverse' in terms of BL is the norm in Yuri, and in many cases, the nomenclatural distinction is not treated as an interpretative distinction between "receiving" and "offensive".

(When referring to a pairing, for example, the pairing of Madoka Kaname and Homura Akemi in Puella Magi Madoka Magica is called "HomuMado" or "MadoHomu", but in this case only the order of the names is different, and basically no distinction is made.)

Thus, the difference in the order of the coupling names may be thin and pairing order can be flexible.

Sometimes, however, there are people who have a fixed order even among Yuri, and such people are particular about the naming of pairings and may express their discomfort at the reversal of the pairing designations. Therefore, it can be a source of trouble to make a blanket judgement that either pairing notation is acceptable.

Aside from the "receiving/offensive" situation, there are also examples of cases where the pairing itself changes when the notations are replaced. As an example, RitsuMako represents the coupling between Ritsuko Akizuki and Makoto Kikuchi from THE iDOLM@STER, while the opposite, MakoRitsu, would be Doki-Doki! PreCure's Makoto Kenzaki and Rikka Hishikawa.

Differences or Unique Situations

While may be similar in a way, it is advised that one should not confuse Gender Bender or Traps.

Only those who are willing to cause heated controversy in the comments section and cause a flame war on anonymous internet forums and social networking sites should engage in this kind of genre confusion.

As each genre has its own corresponding tag, it can be said that you should not pollute search results by using tags that deviate from the original meaning of the term.

As most futanari are women, a pairing between two futanari women, or futanari woman and a regular woman, can be considered yuri. Similarly to situations in which a strap-on may be used in intimacy between girls, Futanari presents a near identical scenario but features some form of a penis instead of an artificial object meant to replicate that part. One scenario might have both girls, or just one, temporarily grow a penis for their intimate encounter, experiencing more sensations, before going back to normal afterwards. However since yuri does not of itself give any clue as to if futanari is involved, the futanari tag should be included along side yuri when used for such situations featuring futanari. Maybe including futanari/woman tag as well.

Yuri on pixiv

Generally, it is advised to tag Yuri when the illustration clearly depicts both girls intimating with each other. Regardless of intent, there may be people who don't like relationship between same sexes, similar to Yaoi.

It is also advised that one should not simply tag everything with two (or more) girls in an illustration as Yuri. Doing so may cause discomfort and some may even get offended. Since different people may have different definitions of Yuri, illustrators may depict things differently.

Furthermore, please be aware that people may get offended over fan or forced couplings (e.g: pairing up both girls even if the show does not explicitly imply them at all). While every fan has their right in fantasizing such elements, it is also important to write adequate warnings before one submits an artwork surrounding this particular theme.

Main Works on the Theme of Yuri

Listed in kana alphabetical order (A-I-U-E-O-...). For the sub-genre OneLoli, see the relevant article.


Aoi Hana (Sweet Blue Flowers)

Riddle Story of Devil

Ani no Yome to Kurashite Imasu

Anemone wa Netsu wo Obiru

Kiss and White Lily for My Dearest Girl

Ame Demo Hare Demo


Inugami-san to Nekoyama-san

Uchi no Maid ga Uzasugiru!

If My Favorite Pop Idol Made It to the Budokan, I Would Die

Otome no Teikoku

Kase-san series (Asagao to Kase-san)

Kitanai Kimi ga Ichiban Kawaii

Kimi to Tsuzuru Utakata

Kannazuki no Miko

Kimono Nadeshiko

Kyuuketsuki-chan x Kouhai-chan

Kinsei No Reveal

Goukaku no Tame no! Yasashii Sankaku Kankei Nyuumon

Pandora in the Crimson Shell

Konohana Kitan

Sakura Trick

Whispered Words

Whisper Me a Love Song



Shouraiteki ni Shindekure

Shinmai Shimai no Futari Gohan

Magic of Stella

Zenryaku, Yuri No Sono Yori

Soul Eater NOT!

Tachibanakan To Lie Angle

Chotto Kawaii Iron Maiden

Tsuki to Sekai to Etoile

Destro 246


Ms. Vampire Who Lives in My Neighborhood

Nameless Asterism

Namekawa-san Won't Be Bullied

Netsuzou Trap

Hakumei and Mikochi

Hana to Hoshi

Happy Sugar Life

Hayate × Blade

Pan de Peace!

Aria the Scarlet Ammo AA

Hinako Note



Fusoroi no Renri

Buchou ni Igen wa Arimasen


Bousou Girls Teki Mousou Renaiteki Suteki Project (B・G・M・R・S・P)

Magical Girl Spec-Ops Asuka

Maria Holic


Bloom Into You

Yuru Yuri / Ōmuro-ke

Unicorn to sabishi-gari ya shoujo

Rakka Ryūsui

Riko to Haru to Onsen to Iruka

Can't Defy the Lonely Girl

Yuri Is My Job!






Strawberry Panic

Yurikuma Arashi



Adachi and Shimamura

Otherside Picnic

Soukyuu no Karma

Maria-sama ga Miteru

Qualia The Purple

I'm in Love with the Villainess


Akai Ito / Aoi Shiro

Okujou no Yurirei-san


Kanojo to Kanojo to Watashi no Nanoka

Kimihane: Kanojo to Kanojo no Koi Suru Ikkagetsu


The Expression Amrilato

A Kiss for the Petals (Sono Hanabira ni Kuchizuke o)

Hakuisei Renai Shoukougun / Hakuisei Aijou Izonshou

Hanaemi ni Kuchizuke wo


Yoru, Tomosu


Comic Yuri Hime




Pure Yuri Anthology Hirari


Éclair: Anata ni Hibiku Yuri Anthology

Syrup Yuri Anthology


Assault Lily ... A Yuri-themed franchise that began with Action Doll. It has been developed in several media, including novels, stage, anime and games.

Strawberry Panic! ... A reader-participatory magazine serialisation project.

Works that are Frequently Tagged with "Yuri"

※Mainly used for works that have heavy hints of Yuri

Specific Tags

※Works with Specific tags are prioritized here.




Other Genres

Articles in List Style

※Other CP genres are excluded in this list.

Works not listed above

Works that include Yuri-like representations and works that are often the subject of yuri derivative works. Excluding thematic works and those on Specific Tags and Articles in Lists.

Adventure Time

WIXOSS / Selector

A Channel

Violet Evergarden: Eternity and the Auto Memory Doll


When Marnie Was There


Dropout Idol Fruit Tart

Card Captor Sakura




Gabriel DropOut

Girls und Panzer

Mobile Suit Gundam - the Witch from Mercury

Horizon on the Middle of Nowhere

Shattered Angels

Kiniro Mosaic

Queen's Blade


Asteroid in Love

Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid

Comic Girls


Summon Night: Swordcraft Story

Izetta: The Last Witch

Revolutionary Girl Utena

Girls' Last Tour



Steven Universe

Slow Start

A Centaur's Life

A Certain Scientific Railgun



Non Non Biyori

High School Fleet


Birdie Wing: Golf Girls' Story

Miss Bernard said. (Bernard-jou Iwaku.)


Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt

Hidamari Sketch

Phi Brain: Puzzle of God

Princess Principal

Flip Flappers

Bocchi the Rock!



Mahou Sensei Negima!

The Demon Girl Next Door (Machikado Mazoku)

Milky Holmes

Mou Ippon!

Encouragement of Climb (Yamanosusume)

Yuki Yuna is a Hero



Lycoris Recoil

Little Witch Academia

Lagrange: The Flower of Rin-ne (Rinne no Lagrange)


Related Contests and Projects on pixiv

PixYuri - Yuri School Softball Club


Related Illustrations






Related Tags

Terms Related to Yuri

GeneralLove Coupling Female Girl
Sexual OrientationLBGT Homosexuality Les Lesbian
CreationOriginal Yuri
TermsWoman and Woman Strong Yuri Weak Yuri
GLGirls Love GL
(Father of Yuri, who invented the term)Bungaku Itou
Other Languages百合

AntonymBL (Rose) / For Fujoshi, NL / Heterosexual
FlowerLilium (Yuri Flower)
Person's NameYuri (name)

Terms Derived from Yuri

※...(dealing with relationships between real persons. RPF/RPS)


"xx Users Bookmark" Related Tags

External Links

Yuri made me human — interview with Iori Miyazawa (May 2018)

Yuri made me human, part 2 (August 2018)

Article in Other Languages


Related Articles

Parent Article

Child Article

Sibling Article

Posts on pixivShow more on pixiv


Report a problem


About issues in articles If you find something off in an article, please go ahead and edit it yourself.
If you see that someone else keeps doing illicit activities, please go to their profile and report them via the Report a problem button.

Reported successfully